GLC Building Green Finance Instruments and Systems in LAC from the experience of China

Learn about green finance in China!

The technical assistance program Building Green Finance Instruments and Systems in LAC from the experience of China (GLC) seeks to promote green finance strategies by fostering the institutional capacity building of national development banks (NDBs) and financial market regulators in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC).

Institutions throughout the region will have the opportunity to learn about successful methodologies and policies implemented in China, which resulted in the development of local financial systems, including regulation, capital markets, financial instrumentation and risk sharing mechanisms for green finance.

This triangular collaboration between LAC countries and China with support by the IDB, works on two levels:

I) Knowledge SharingGLC shares best practices and experiences in promoting green finance among Chinese and LAC NDBs, financial institutions, regulators, and other relevant stakeholders. The project uses regional networks (e.g. ALIDE - Latin American Association of Development Financing Institutions) to share knowledge in a variety of forms, from analytical studies and virtual presentations to the organization of global events that bring together representatives from LAC and Chinese NDBs and regulatory bodies to foster the development of green finance.

II) Institutional Capacity BuildingGLC currently supports four NDBs in Argentina, Ecuador, Mexico, and Uruguay in developing country-driven strategies to integrate green finance into their local markets, learning from and, where appropriate, adapting the experiences of Chinese institutions in one of the following areas:

Development and implementation of green financing strategies

  • design dedicated green financial instruments
  • identify environmental footprint and impact
  • develop environmental criteria and indicators for public banks
  • assess finance opportunities for product development
  • Stress testing in financial risk management

  • promote forward-looking risk management
  • develop tailored ESRM systems
  • develop criteria and methodologies for stress testing risky projects
  • Green insurance

  • collect data and develop risk assessment tools for strategic sectors
  • develop tailored insurance and risk sharing mechanisms
  • develop regulations and instruments to encourage market participation

    GLC News and Events


    DATE: Nov 30, 2018

    China-LAC Green Finance Collaboration Week for National Development Banks

    DATE: Nov 26-28, 2018

    Seminar on Policy Framework for Green Finance in Emerging Economies

    DATE: Nov 6-7, 2018
    The 2nd Global Green Finance Leadership Program


    DATE: June 12, 2018 | 11:00 a 12:00 p.m. EDT
    The Inter-American Development Bank, in collaboration with Trucost and RMS, will host the second part of "MITIGATING SYSTEMIC RISKS: Mechanisms for evaluating climate change risks”.

    From Zero to Hero | Webinar

    DATE: June 5, 2018 | 3:00 - 4:00 p.m.
    The Inter-American Development Bank, in collaboration with the Climate Bonds Initiative (CBI), will host the webinar "From Zero to Hero: Lessons and Experiences from the Growth of the Chinese Green Bond Market”.

    Global Green Finance Leadership Program

    DATE: 21-26 May 2018
    The Global Green Finance Leadership Program, as part of the 2018 Tsinghua PBCSF Global Finance Forum, provides a platform for knowledge sharing
    on best practices of, and inspiring innovations for, scaling up green finance.

    Pioneering Approaches to ESRM

    DATE: April 18, 2018
    The Inter-American Development Bank, in collaboration with Boston University Global Policy Development Center, co-organized the Brown Bag Lunch (BBL).


    Global Collaboration

    In May of 2018, 120 policy makers, financial regulators, and practitioners from over 35 countries in Asia, Africa, and Latin America met for the Global Green Finance Leadership Program (GFLP) in Beijing and formed nine working groups to continue discussing possibilities for greener economies and to debate innovative financing and policy tools. The Center for Finance and Development at Tsinghua University will serve as the secretariat of the groups. IDB participates alongside other institutions in six working groups on green finance taxonomy, financing green SMEs, financing green agriculture, fintech for green finance, green infrastructure pipelines, and incentives for green finance.


    Why GLC?

    The Chinese Green Finance Task Force is a government initiative that was convened in 2014 by the Research Bureau of the People’s Bank of China and has been successful in stimulating the growth of a green financial market in China. Through its report “Establishing China’s Green Financial System”, a variety of reforms are being implemented, from national green bond standards to new green funds and subsidy programs to the development of green insurance mechanisms. The result is a booming green finance market that issued more than one-third of green bonds globally in 2016.

    Meanwhile, Latin American countries face a lack of integrated green financing strategies despite immense opportunities for “green” investments. These countries’ capital market regulatory frameworks currently lack the depth and sophistication to encourage private investment and implement green finance at scale. As is the case in China, though, financial market regulators and NDBs in LAC are in a unique position to engage local financial institutions (LFIs) and private investors, align development financing with national priorities, and canalize international climate funding to promote and scale up investments. The Chinese experience in developing green finance frameworks and mechanisms can therefore prove valuable for NDBs and regulators in LAC who are seeking to develop and integrate new green finance strategies in their countries.


    Overcoming barriers to a dynamic green finance market, such as:

    ■ Limited availability of investment credit at adequate terms and conditions.
    ■ Lack of knowledge of the risks and returns of green projects.
    ■ Little experience in marketing, analyzing, structuring and financing green projects.
    ■ Lack of of long-term loans and challenge to fund green projects with long pay back periods.
    ■ Perception that green projects are not “business as usual” investments.
    ■ Lack of financial capacity of local energy technology or service providers.

    Who is Supporting GLC?

    The Inter-American Development Bank with funding from the Institutional Capacity Strengthening Thematic Fund (ICS) is actively collaborating with several institutions including the Center for Finance and Development, Tsinghua National Institute of Financial Research and Boston University, and a variety of other key ‘green’ stakeholders to develop knowledge-sharing formats for an exchange of ideas with LAC regulators and financial institutions.
    Research on the possibilities and benefits of different collaboration models to scale-up green finance is being conducted in partnership with Boston University.

    Where is GLC Being Implemented?

    GLCis supporting the open exchange of knowledge and experiences between China and the LAC region. A variety of webinars and academic studies are geared at adapting the lessons learned in China to countries in the region and are also being made available to the public at large.

    Furthermore, GLC is specifically focused on supporting the development of national green finance strategies in four national development banks in Argentina, Mexico, Ecuador, and Uruguay. This includes a series of events, workshops, and bilateral meetings in the region’s capitals and in Beijing.

    This project supports Banco de Inversión y Comercio Exterior (BICE), a first- and second-tier Development Bank in Argentina, in their efforts to raise private funds at adequate maturities in local and international capital markets through the issuance of green and sustainable bonds. BICE will receive technical and promotional assistance required to:

    • structure their first green bond issue backed by potential green loan portfolios
    • receive the necessary second party independent review and verification of adherence with the chosen set of principles and/or standard
    • market those new securities
    • disseminate the results of these experiences and share the lessons learned and best practices among other National Development Banks and relevant public and private stakeholders in the region which have expressed interest in getting technical and logistical support, in order to structure a first sustainable bond issue to be placed in the national or international markets

    As part of the initial stage of this process, IDB supports the institutional diagnostic and screening of BICE’s green and social loan portfolio and its positive environmental and social impacts, in order to determine a set of loan sub-portfolios susceptible to be securitized through sustainable bond issuances and to support the preparation of a sustainable bond framework in order to facilitate the green bond second party review and certification. The work shall be based on the Green Bond Principles and on the Climate Bonds Standards.

    GLC will work together with Mexico’s Banco Nacional de Comercio Exterior S.N.C. (BANCOMEXT) to support its green banking activities. BANCOMEXT is mainly a first-tier bank, with the mission to contribute to development, generation of employment, foreign investment, and infrastructure in Mexico. The bank works to support Mexican businesses in growing their productivity and competitiveness and is looking at green finance as an opportunity to modernize the local economy.

    BANCOMEXT wants to involve a variety of private and public actors throughout this process and is particularly interested in the potential impact of:

    • Renewable energy and its related transmission and storage infrastructure.
    • Green bonds in traditional and exotic markets.
    • Export credit guarantees from new markets like China.
    • Intraregional knowledge sharing, both virtually and through events in Mexico, Latin America, and China.

    This project supports Ecuador’s national development bank, Banco de Desarrollo de Ecuador B.P (BDE) in defining a business model strategy around green finance and identifying opportunities for action that BDE can implement. These results will complement BDE’s strategic institutional plan for 2016-2018, which aims to diversify its financial sources and products which seek to promote equity across different regions.

    GLC will support the bank to channel national and international funds to climate change mitigation and adaptation initiatives at the subnational level. The new business model will guide BDE’s outreach to address market gaps in this area in Ecuador.

    These efforts will involve not only conceptual work but also the active engagement and involvement of bank staff to ensure that all new initiatives are feasible and operable within the bank.

    This project supports Banco De La Republica Oriental (BROU), in their efforts to design a green financing business model for the Institution, based on the identification of areas of opportunity and action pillars. One of the main objectives of the project is to identify BROU as one of the main actors in the country and region for the support of sustainable finance. The project will also cover the management of environmental and social risks within BROU portfolio. In short, the project aims to support BROU in the design of a “green strategy”.

    An initial roadmap has already been developed with a variety of defined objectives. In the coming months, GLC and BROU will collaborate on the following topics:

    - Establishing BROU as a pro-sustainability bank

    - Identifying opportunities for efficiency improvements

    • Analyzing and identifying high-risk areas and sectors
    • Exploring the development of financial products that mitigate risks while allowing increased lending

    - Advancing BROU’s Environmental and Social Risk Management System (ESRM) to identify and mitigate these risks in credit activities

    • Document current practices and approaches in the analysis process
    • Develop a manual for environmental and social risks to elaborate an operational logic that supports overall policy goalsLearning Resources