Payments for hydrological environmental services: Beyond the passive conservation of forests (2011)
AUTHOR:Lucía Madrid Ramírez
TOPICS: Payments for environmental services, robust systems Social-ecological, watershed management
SUMMARY: Hydrological environmental services are not only provided because of forest conservation, but because of the interaction of natural and social processes that result in good watershed management. Unfortunately, these services, such as other environmental services, have been poorly understood both by society and governments. Mexico is not the exception in this matter, however, there have been some PES mechanisms trying to deal with the complexity of social-ecological systems so to enhance their robustness. In this article, the main practical approaches to PES in Mexico will be discussed, as well as their upshots in terms of effectiveness and robustness.